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Depressive Disorders

Depressive disorders are a range of mood disorders that are characterized by persistent and intense sadness, feelings of worthlessness, and the inability to seek pleasure for extended periods.

Depression is not a period of the blues or sadness but rather a mental health disorder that significantly interferes with daily functioning. It not only disrupts relationships and sleep patterns, but it also disrupts the way an individual’s brain processes information, emotions, and complex problems.

According to the National Institutes of Health, each year, more than 16 million adults in the United States experience at least one episode of major depression. The likelihood that a person will develop depression at some point in life is approximately 10 percent.

Mental Health Disorders

Signs and Symptoms

Depressive Disorder Treatment Plan

The goal of AKUA’s psychotherapy approach is to recognize any underlying triggers associated with depression and to develop positive coping skills to avoid and overcome depressive symptoms. Other goals of psychotherapy include learning to adjust to a crisis or stressful situation, improving communication and interpersonal relationships, replacing negative thoughts with positive thoughts, improving self-esteem, and regaining a sense of satisfaction and control. The following are common types of psychotherapy used to help treat symptoms of depression:

Daily lifestyle changes that are known to improve mood include eating a balanced diet, adopting a healthy sleep regimen, avoiding alcohol and other substances, and moving your body.

Treating Depression at Akua Mind Body

Akua Mind Body is a full-service treatment program that offers a wide range of “east meets west” treatment modalities for many different populations struggling with substance use and mental health disorders. We offer both residential programs as well as outpatient treatment. AKUA works diligently with each client and their family to ensure that the treatment plan is specifically tailored to their needs, and not just their disorder.

Various types of Depression

Major depressive disorder (clinical depression)

Major depressive disorder (clinical depression)

Persistent depressive disorder0

Persistent depressive disorder

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Psychotic depression

Psychotic depression

Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression

Seasonal affective disorder

Seasonal affective disorder

Clinical depression

Clinical depression, formally referred to as major depressive disorder, is the most common type of depression and one of the most common mental health disorders in the United States.

To be diagnosed with clinical depression, you must exhibit five or more of the above symptoms and experience them once a day for more than two weeks. Women are more prone to clinical depression compared to men. Major depressive disorder can be triggered by substance use disorders. Certain medical conditions that can contribute to this disorder can include low thyroid and cancer, and certain medications, specifically long-term steroids.


Seasonal depression

Seasonal depression, also known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD), is a type of depression that is associated with seasons, particularly late fall and the entire winter season. Shorter days, colder temperatures, and less exposure to light have been shown to change our sleep/wake patterns and throw off our “internal clocks” affecting our levels of melatonin, serotonin, and vitamin D.

Individuals with seasonal depression must meet the criteria for major depressive disorder with symptoms coinciding with the specific seasons and lasting for at least two years.

Individuals who live further from the Equator are more at risk for developing seasonal depression compared to individuals who live closer to the Equator. One percent of individuals who live in Florida have SAD, whereas nine percent of individuals who live in Alaska have SAD. Females are more at risk of developing SAD compared to males, and individuals who have a history of depression or bipolar disorder are also at an increased risk for developing SAD.

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